Depression is, from a psychological point of view, a disorder that involves mood swings, characterized by a constant feeling of sadness and a deep loss of interest in things that usually bring pleasure. This condition changes the natural course of daily life, the way we feel, think and behave.

The difference between depression, sadness and anxiety
Not every person who is sad or upset is necessarily depressed. Often, people who sometimes experience feelings of sadness tend to be categorized as depressed, confused.

Grief is a normal feeling that fades over time and any person has experienced at some point, due to traumatic, painful or disappointing events, such as the death of a loved one, job loss or termination of relationship.
The difference between depression and sadness is that while grief occurs in connection with a particular episode in life, depression is already a profound mental disorder that affects emotions, thinking or behavior, and the sadness felt in this case is related to anything that lasts longer. time. Patients who have experienced depression report that there are major differences between normal, transient sadness and clinical depression.
Anxiety and depression can have the same symptoms, so they are often confused. Both diseases can occur, most of the time, at the same time, the difference between them is necessary for proper diagnosis and for the administration of appropriate treatment in the shortest time. Anxiety is a state of unjustified, irrational and excessive worry about the future, and anxious people tend to avoid the things that cause this condition, while depression involves a lack of worry and interest in the future, which is considered hopeless, including sadness. deep, negative emotions and apathy.
Depression does not have to occur only in people who are considered prone, but it can occur suddenly in people who have a perfect and fulfilling life.

Depending on the symptoms, we distinguish the following types of depression:
Major depressive disorder, or unipolar depression, is characterized by symptoms that last for at least two weeks:

sleep disorders;
difficulty concentrating;
weight oscillations;
lack of interest in regular activities;
feelings of worthlessness and guilt;
thoughts of death and suicide.

Also called persistent depressive disorder, dysthymia is a type of chronic, moderate, or severe depression that is present for a longer period of time than in major depressive disorder.

The characteristic symptoms will be:
sleep disorders;
low self-esteem;
poor or high appetite;
difficulty concentrating or making decisions

Also called manic-depressive illness, bipolar depression is a mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of mania (mild or extreme) with normal periods. Periods of extreme anger can be so virulent that they can cause significant damage to life, affect the sense of reality, and affected people may need medical attention and hospitalization. Most of those affected by this disorder have episodes of major depression.

As specific symptoms, in addition to depression and decreased interest in activities, bipolar depression may include:

irritability and anxiety;
despair and loss of self-confidence;
insomnia, fatigue and lethargy;
unexplained pain;
psychomotor agitation;
indecision and disorganization.

Also called postnatal depression is a form of depression that occurs after the birth of a child. This is caused by significant hormonal changes that can often affect a new mother’s mood.

Depression can start during pregnancy or after birth and is more than a period of weight-related grief gained during pregnancy. One in 10 new mothers goes through a form of postpartum depression and those with severe premenstrual syndrome are more likely to suffer from this type of depression.

Postpartum depression varies from case to case, both in duration and in manifestation.

the mother’s indifference to herself and especially to her child;
persistent lethargy;
The most serious form of postpartum depression is postpartum psychosis, a condition in which a mood episode is accompanied by confusion, hallucinations, or delusions, in which case treatment is required.

Seasonal affective disorders
Seasonal depression is associated with cyclical changes in the seasons. For example, in the fall or winter we may have symptoms of depression, drowsiness and weight gain, and in the spring everything will return to normal.

Symptoms appear cyclically with the return of the respective season or period and include, in addition to those listed above:

rejection sensitivity;
appetite, especially carbohydrates;
feeling of heaviness in his hands.

This type of depression occurs before or during menstruation in women and is manifested by:

special irritability;
chest pain and tenderness;
appetite and increased appetite;
mood swings;
extreme fatigue

Atypical depression is characterized by a specific set of symptoms associated with a particular pattern, for example when a happy event may temporarily improve a patient’s mood:

increased appetite and, consequently, weight gain;
excessive need for sleep;
fatigue, weakness;
feeling of heavy arms and legs;
intense sensitivity to rejection and criticism;
strong reactive states.

In addition to the symptoms of major depression, psychotic depression also presents psychotic symptoms such as:

Other symptoms may include:

Loss of energy and unnatural and severe fatigue;
Inadequate feelings of worthlessness and guilt
Difficulty in thinking, concentrating and ability to make decisions
Thoughts of death or suicide and attempts to execute them.

Is Depression Cured?
The answer is yes, depression can be cured. To control long-term depression, in most cases, just sports, diet changes and vacations are not enough.

Although difficult to diagnose, both for those affected and those close to them, depression is a mental illness, with a cure rate of 80-90%, with patients responding very well to the prescribed treatment.

In the first stage, the patient is referred to psychotherapy which can have effects only in cases of mild depression. In case of moderate and severe depression, a combination of psychotherapy and psychiatric interventions should be recommended to the patient.

The specialist doctor will assess the patient’s condition, through a clinical interview and / or using diagnostic tools. The purpose of this assessment is to identify the causes that led to depression, to identify the symptoms present, medical and personal history, cultural context and environmental factors of those affected, to make accurate recommendations for diagnosis and treatment.

Psychotherapy can be done individually, including only the person concerned, or it can involve other people, such as family therapy or couple therapy, which can have much better results than individual ones.

Another way of psychotherapy is group therapy that unites people suffering from similar conditions. Depending on the diagnosis and the type of depression, treatment may take several weeks or longer. However, significant improvement can be felt after 10-15 sessions of psychotherapy.

Once the diagnosis is made, the specialist will be able to prescribe antidepressants to correct the chemical imbalances in the brain. These drugs are not euphoric, sedatives or tranquilizers and are not addictive. Interestingly, these drugs will not have any effect on those who do not suffer from depression.

In the case of those suffering from depression, antidepressants will have effects from the first week of treatment, but favorable results may appear even after two or three months, depending on the severity of the condition.

Doses can be adjusted according to the response of the patient to the disease and if the patient does not feel a slight improvement after a few weeks of treatment, he will add or replace it with another antidepressant.

It is recommended to continue treatment for another 6 months or more after symptoms improve in order to avoid recurrence of the disease and if there are 2 or 3 episodes of major depression, indefinite treatment is recommended to avoid recurrence of future episodes.

Depression can affect anyone, as I said, even those who look their best. Everyone is prone to depressive episodes, but only some are at increased risk due to factors such as:

person. People who have suffered mental trauma in the past may have a reduced ability to adapt to stressful situations and are more likely to develop depressive episodes. Also, people with lower self-esteem who have a pessimistic attitude and who can not cope with stress seem to be more vulnerable to depression.

Environmental factors that can consist of tragic, traumatic events (grief, health problems, divorce, bad relationships with loved ones, job loss, financial problems, acute stress). People who are constantly exposed to violence, abuse, poverty or neglect seem to be even more prone to depression and stress.

Also, another physical medical condition can cause depression, the relationship between them can be very complex, they can emphasize or affect each other.

Genetic factors. If there are first-degree relatives in the family who suffer from depression, the chances that a person related to them will develop this condition during their lifetime are very high.

Biochemical factors. Serotonin and noradrenaline are two chemical elements in the brain that, if not balanced, can contribute to the symptoms of depression.

Other causes that can lead to depressive episodes can be: childhood trauma, past depressive episode, head injuries, recreational substance abuse or withdrawal, use of certain (interferon, beta-blockers, corticosteroids), chronic diseases (cardiovascular) diseases, diabetes, etc.).

Treatments and medications for depression
In addition to medication and psychotherapy, depression can be overcome by changing the habits in your daily routine.

Many habits that can have miraculous effects in the fight against depression are: positive thinking, regular exercise in a sport, enough sleep, prolonged contact with nature.

Many people are tempted to believe that alcohol, tobacco, and drugs are the best shelter, but they do improve the symptoms and when the effect wears off, the subsequent mood will become even worse than the initial depression. Nerve cells are sensitive and have a negative impact from the effects of tobacco or drugs and therefore become weak and exhausted, chronic depression.

Exercise stimulates the production of endorphins and increases the level of serotonin in the blood by reducing nervous tension through a sedative effect on the nervous system and provides restful sleep.

Laughter therapy It is becoming more and more widespread in the world as a cure for depression. Patients can do this, either by attending meetings and courses based on laughter therapy, or by buying books, magazines or comedy for their home.

Researchers say that laughter stimulates the production of awakening hormones, called catecholamines, which trigger the secretion of endorphins, which are responsible for the body’s well-being. Doctors say that in the case of patients with various diseases, as well as those suffering from depression, anxiety and diabetes, laughter therapy helps to:

reducing stress hormone levels
lowering blood pressure
calorie burning
improving arterial health
stimulating blood circulation
pain relief
strengthening the immune system
muscle relaxation;
prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases;
Positive feelings stimulated by laughter continue to have effects even after the party is over. On a mental level, laughter therapy relieves the psyche of stress, fights anxiety, removes fear and increases mental resilience, helping everyone to think positively, to remove negative emotions, to have an optimistic perception of difficult or disappointing situations.

Gardening is another very effective activity in the fight against depression. Nature itself has a relaxing and antidepressant effect. Outdoor walks and outdoor activities have a relaxing effect on the nervous system.

Healthy eating
Studies have shown that people with depression should follow a cleansing diet for 2-3 weeks. These lead to rebalancing and better stability of the psyche, so it is recommended to avoid eating meat, milk, sugar, canned food, pasta that will be replaced by fresh and ripe fruits and vegetables.

Others recommend the need for liver detoxification because they have found that the liver is heavy and blocked, so fats (butter, margarine, fatty meats) such as snacks and fast foods should be avoided.

Food supplements must contain B vitamins, especially B12, as well as magnesium which fights stress and fatigue and is a good detoxifier for the body.

Magnesium can be obtained from food supplements or directly from nuts and seeds, almonds, avocados, broccoli, quinoa, green leafy vegetables, soy, dark chocolate.

Phytotherapy or natural remedies for depression
Roinita tea treats depressive conditions, improves memory, is a great remedy for heart neurosis, anxiety, fights insomnia and migraine, lowers blood pressure, calms the nervous system, soothes tense conditions, fights digestive problems associated with with stress.

Green tea is considered an anti-stress tea because of its content of theanine, a compound that calms the nerves. The benefits of green tea are well known. It can replace coffee, reduce stress and detoxify the body, if consumed no more than one, two cups a day. It is advisable not to drink in the evening, as it contains caffeine and can cause sleep disorders.
St. John’s wort has been used for thousands of years as a natural antidepressant, with real qualities in the treatment of nervous diseases, depression, malaise and pessimism. St. John’s wort tea has a relaxing effect on the psyche, reduces anxiety, stress and fights insomnia. Drinking at night before bedtime causes a peaceful and restful sleep. It fights depression, is effective in very difficult times and restores optimism and vitality.
Lime tea is a natural remedy for stress and insomnia. Fragrant flowers are among the most famous natural remedies with calming and calming effect. Drinking the night before bed, lime tea is fragrant, soothing, calming, relaxing, slightly sedative, repels insomnia.
Hawthorn tea is the most powerful natural remedy in the treatment of heart disease and cardiovascular disease. Hawthorn flower tea soothes, fights insomnia and anxiety, stress, excessive emotional states, is useful for people suffering from panic attacks and sadness.
Passion tea is a natural antidepressant and reduces irritability and has excellent effects on the mental state through a mild sedative effect on the central nervous system.
Sage tea can be prepared daily and consumed as a method of preventing depression, relieves fatigue, headaches, improves memory and strengthens the immune system.
Basil tea has a calming effect, and protects against stress during stressful times.


Related Post